History of Saraiki Language

saraikThe history of Saraiki language dates back to even Sanskrit languages as the modern linguists concluded that it was not the Sanskrit language that was spoken in sub-continent (Raman, 1988).From history; it is evident that people of this part of the world did not speak Sanskrit during their first and second phase of development. They started speaking Sanksrit during the third and fourth stage of Aryans settlement in this area of the world. In fact, it was the age

of Asoka when two languages Pali and Sanskrit were recognized and they were used as most epitaphs are written in these two languages .In history, the Saraiki region was marked with little variations differently by many linguists. In West, Saraiki area bordered by the Balouchi language, in the east, it had its boundaries with the Hindi dialects of Rajput Ana, and in the south with the Sindhi language, however it had been problematic for the researchers to know where from the Siraiki language originated in the north (Brien 1903).

Juke (1900) has defined the area of Jataki(Siraki) language in the preamble of his dictionary as: “…is spoken by the JafirPathans and Khetrans on the west of Dera Ghazi Khan District to Bahawalpur on the east, and from Sindh in the South to the confines of Kashmir in the north, covering an area about the size of Ireland and with a population variously estimated from three to five millions, the latter is probably near if not under the actual number”. Currently, the Saraiki region is in the center of Pakistan as it is spread on both the sides of Indus nearly 280N to 330N longitude .This regions also includes the areas of Chenab and Sutlej till the areas of Northern Punjab. This language shares its boundaries with the Iranian, Pashto and Balouchi languages as it is spoken in the western part of Indo Aryan language areas. To the south, this language reaches till Marwari dialects of Rajasthan. The boundaries of this language are however less clear with the Sindhi language and same is the case with the Northern Lahnda dialects along the salt range. Similarly to the east, there exist no definite boundary between Siraiki and Punjabi (Shackle, 1976).


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